Go back to Excerpts from Chapter 6 of Courage Under Siege.

Vendor of bred in the Warsaw ghetto.

Vendor of bread in the Warsaw ghetto. This photograph was probably taken in 1941. By then hunger was so relentless that the bread had to be protected by a cage so that it would not be stolen. (Courtesy Dr. B. Wisniewski)

From Charles G. Roland, Courage Under Siege: Disease, Starvation and Death in the Warsaw Ghetto.
Copyright © 1992 Oxford University Press. Photo used by permission of author.