GLOSSARY

Arrow Cross party:

Fenenc Szálasi (seated, centre) with members of his 1944 cabinet.A Hungarian fascist party and movement, formed in 1937. Ferenc Szálasi was the party's founder and leader. Until the outbreak of war, the Arrow Cross party was largely considered an extremist fringe party, attracting a collection of misfits to its ranks.

Armed bands of Arrow Cross members roamed the streets of Budapest.In the 1939 national election, the Arrow Cross won 25% of the vote and became the most significant opposition party. After Horthy's attempt to sign a separate peace failed on October 15th, 1944, the Arrow Cross came to power. Their brutal, murderous reign ended in January 1945 when the Soviets liberated Budapest.