Shortly after coming to power in 1933, the Nazis built concentration camps for imprisoning all political opponents of the new regime and individuals they deemed "asocial." There were approximately 2 000 in all. Concentration camp inmates included Jews, Gypsies, communists, socialists, democrats, homosexuals and Jehovah's Witnesses.
Subhuman conditions, starvation, humiliation, torture, forced labour and beatings were part of everyday life in the camps. Despite all the odds, there were various instances of inmate resistance, many of which were crushed but some of which were successful.