GLOSSARY

Eichmann, Adolf (1906-1962):

Adolf Eichmann is the SS officer who was responsible for the murder of millions of Jews. Born March 19th, 1906, in Austria, he joined the Austrian Nazi party in 1932. As an SS lieutenant colonel, he headed the Jewish office of the Gestapo and was largely responsible for carrying out the "final solution."

He once said: "I will leap laughing to my grave because the feeling that I have five million people on my conscience is for me a source of extraordinary satisfaction."

After being arrested at the end of the war, Eichmann escaped from an internment camp in 1946 and disappeared. The Israeli secret service found him in Argentina in 1960 and took him to Israel. His trial attracted attention around the world. Charged with committing crimes against the Jewish people, crimes against humanity and war crimes, this nazi war criminal was found guilty and hanged on May 31, 1962.