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New JerseyKristallnacht Commemoration><BR CLEAR=

New Jersey Holocaust-Related Statutes

Contributed by Victor McDonald, State of New Jersey
Assistant Executive Director, Policy and Planning

Holocaust Education || Holocaust Commission || Holocaust Remembrance Day || Kristallnacht Memorial Night


L. 1994, c.13, s.1.

18A:35-27. Findings, declarations

1. The Legislature finds and declares that:

a. New Jersey has recently become the focal point of nationalattention for the most venomous and vile of ethnic hate speeches.

b. There is an inescapable link between violence and vandalism and ethnicand racial intolerance. The New Jersey Department of Education itself hasformally recognized the existence of the magnitude of this problem in NewJersey schools by the formation of a Commissioner's Task Force on Violence andVandalism.
c. New Jersey is proud of its enormous cultural diversity. The teachingof tolerance must be made a priority if that cultural diversity is to remain oneof the State's strengths.

d. National studies indicate that fewer than 25% of students have anunderstanding of organized attempts throughout history to eliminate variousethnic groups through a systematic program of mass killing or genocide.

e. The New Jersey Commission on Holocaust Education, created pursuant toP.L.1991, c.193 (C.18A:4A-1 et seq.), several years ago expanded its mission tostudy and recommend curricular material on a wide range of genocides. TheHolocaust Commission is an ideal agency to recommend curricular materials tolocal districts.

L. 1994, c. 13, s. 1

18A:35-28 Instruction on Holocaust, genocidesrequired in elementary, secondary school curriculum

2. a. Every board of education shall include instruction on theHolocaust and genocides in an appropriate place in the curriculumof allelementary and secondary school pupils.

b. The instruction shall enable pupils to identify and analyze applicabletheories concerning human nature and behavior; to understand that genocide is aconsequence of prejudice and discrimination; and to understand that issues ofmoral dilemma and conscience have a profound impact on life. The instructionshall further emphasize the personal responsibility that each citizen bears tofight racism and hatred whenever and wherever it happens.

L. 1994, c.13, s.2.

18A:4A-1. Findings, declarations

1. The Legislature finds and declares that:

a. During the period from 1933 to 1945, six million Jews and millionsof other Europeans were murdered in Nazi concentration camps as part of acarefully orchestrated program of cultural, social and political genocide knownas the Holocaust;

b. All people should remember the horrible atrocities committed at thattime and other times in human history as the result of bigotry and tyranny and,therefore, should continually rededicate themselves to the principles of humanrights and equal protection under the laws of a democratic society;

c. It is desirable to educate our citizens about the events leading up tothe Holocaust and about the organizations and facilities that were created andused purposefully for the systematic destruction of human beings;

d. It is the policy of the State of New Jersey that Holocaust history isthe proper concern of all people, particularly students enrolled in the schoolsof the State of New Jersey;

e. The New Jersey Department of Education, in conjunction withtheAnti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, the New Jersey Education Association,and the New Jersey Council for Social Studies, has developed a curriculum,entitled "The Holocaust and Genocide: A Search for Conscience," whichhas been implemented in courses of study on a trial basis in Vineland andTeaneck and, subsequently, in other communities;

f. Programs, workshops, institutes, seminars, and other teacher-trainingactivities for the study of the Holocaust have taken place during recent yearsat various high schools and colleges in the State of New Jersey; and

g. It is desirable to create a State-level commission, which as anorganized body, on a continuous basis, will survey, design, encourage, andpromote implementation of Holocaust education and awareness programs in NewJersey and shall be responsible for the coordination of events that will provideappropriate memorialization of the Holocaust, on a regular basis, throughout theState.

L. 1991, c.193, s.1.

18A:4A-2. New Jersey Commission on HolocaustEducation

2. a. The New Jersey Commission on Holocaust Education is createdand established in the Executive Branch of the State Government. For thepurposes of complying with the provisions of Article V, Section IV, paragraph 1of the New Jersey Constitution, the commission is allocated within theDepartment of Education, but not withstanding this allocation, the commissionshall be independent of any supervision or control by the department or anyboard or officer thereof. The commission shall consist of 21 members, includingthe Commissioner of Education and the chair of the executive board of thePresidents' Council, serving ex officio, and 19 public members. Public membersshall be appointed as follows: three public members shall be appointed by thePresident of the Senate; three public members shall be appointed by the Speakerof the General Assembly; and 13 public members shall be appointed by theGovernor, no less than six of whom shall at the time of their appointment bemembers of the New Jersey Advisory Council on Holocaust Education, createdpursuant to Executive OrderNo. 17 of 1982 and continued pursuant to ExecutiveOrder No. 87 of 1984, Executive Order No. 168 of 1987 and Executive Order No.225 of 1990, and further continued pursuant to Executive Order No. 14 of 1990. The public members shall be residents of this State, chosen with due regard tobroad geographic representation and ethnic diversity, who have servedprominently as spokespersons for, or as leaders of organizations which servemembers of religious, ethnic, national heritage or social groups which weresubjected to genocide, torture, wrongful deprivation of liberty or property,officially imposed or sanctioned violence, and other forms of human rightsviolations and persecution at the hands of the Nazis and their collaboratorsduring the Nazi era, or they shall be residents who are experienced in the fieldof Holocaust education.

b. Each public member of the commission shall serve for a term of threeyears, except that of the initial members so appointed: one member appointed bythe President of the Senate, one member appointed by the Speaker of the GeneralAssembly, and four members appointed by the Governor shall serve for terms ofone year; one member appointed by the President of the Senate, one memberappointed by the Speaker of the General Assembly, and four members appointed bythe Governor shall serve for terms of two years; and one member appointed by thePresident of the Senate, one member appointed by the Speaker of the GeneralAssembly, and five members appointed by the Governor shall serve for terms ofthree years. Public members shall be eligible for reappointment. They shallserve until their successors are appointed and qualified, and the term of thesuccessor of any incumbent shall be calculated from the expiration of the termof that incumbent. A vacancy occurring other than by expiration of term shallbe filled in the same manner as the original appointment but for the unexpiredterm only.

c. The members of the commission shall serve without compensation, butthey shall be entitled to reimbursement for all necessary expenses incurred inthe performance of their duties.

d. The commission shall annually elect a chairman from among its members. It shall meet upon the call of the chairman or of a majority of the commissionmembers. The presence of a majority of the authorized membership of thecommission shall be required for the conduct of official business.

e. The commission shall appoint an executive director, who shall serve atits pleasure and shall be a person qualified by training and experience toperform the duties of the office.

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L. 1991, c.193, s.2; amended 1994, c.48, s.45.

18A:4A-3. Responsibilities, duties of thecommission

3. The commission shall have the following responsibilities andduties: a. To provide, based upon the collective knowledge and experience ofits members, assistance and advice to the public and private schools withrespect to the implementation of Holocaust education and awareness programs;

b. To meet with county and local school officials and other interestedpublic and private organizations, including service organizations, for thepurpose of assisting with the planning, coordination or modification of coursesof study dealing with the subject of the Holocaust;

c. To survey and catalog the extent and breadth of Holocaust and genocideeducation presently being incorporated into the curricula and taught in theschool systems of the State, to inventory those Holocaust memorials, exhibitsand resources which could be incorporated in courses of study at variouslocations throughout the State, and, upon request, to assist the StateDepartment of Education and other educational agencies in the development andimplementation of Holocaust and genocide education programs. In furtherance ofthis responsibility, the commission shall be authorized to contact and cooperatewith existing Holocaust and genocide public or private nonprofit resourceorganizations and may act as a liaison concerning Holocaust and genocideeducation to members of the United States Senate and House of Representativesand the New Jersey Senate and General Assembly;

d. To compile a roster of individual volunteers who are willing to sharetheir knowledge and experience in classrooms, seminars and workshops on thesubject of the Holocaust. These volunteers may be survivors of the Holocaust,liberators of concentration camps, scholars, clergymen, community relationsprofessionals and other persons who, by virtue of their experience or interest,have acquired personal or academic knowledge of the Holocaust and who arewilling to share that knowledge with students and teachers;

e. To coordinate events memorializing the Holocaust and to seek volunteerswho are willing and able to participate in commemorative events that willenhance student awareness of the significance of the Holocaust; and

f. To prepare reports for the Governor and the Legislature regarding itsfindings and recommendations to facilitate the inclusion of Holocaust studiesand special programs memorializing the Holocaust in educational systems in theState.

L. 1991, c.193, s.3.

18A:4A-4. Commission assistance, cooperation

4. a. The commission is authorized to call upon any department,office, division or agency of the State, or of any county, municipality orschool district of the State, to supply such data, program reports and otherinformation, personnel and assistance as it deems necessary to discharge itsresponsibilities under this act.

b. These departments, offices, divisions and agencies shall, to the extentpossible and not inconsistent with any other law of this State, cooperate withthe commission and shall furnish it with such information, personnel andassistance as may be necessary or helpful to accomplish the purposes of thisact.

L. 1991, c.193, s.4

36:2-22. "Holocaust Remembrance Day"

1. There is hereby designated an annual "Holocaust RemembranceDay," which shall be that day in each year which corresponds to the 27thday of the month of Nissan in the Hebrew calendar except in any year in whichthat 27th day falls on a public holiday or religious holiday, in which event theGovernor shall designate another day, as near to that 27th day as practical, as"Holocaust Remembrance Day" in that year. All citizens of this Stateas well as public and private organizations are urged to recognize"HolocaustRemembrance Day" by appropriate observances.

L. 1991, JR5.
Sponsors: SenatorsBENNETT, INVERSO, Singer, Sinagra, Lynch, Palaia, Scott, Matheussen, Gormley, Larossa, Adler, Cardinale, Kyrillos, Ciesla, Maring and DiFrancesco.

An Act designating the night ofNovember 9-10 in each year as Kristallnacht Memorial Night in New Jersey,amending P.L.1991, c.193 and supplementing Title 36 of the Revised Statutes.

Be it enacted by the Senate andGeneral Assembly of the State of New Jersey:

1. (New section) The Legislature finds and declares:

a. On the night of November 9-10, 1938, organized gangs of NaziGestapo agents instigated a horrible wave of wanton destruction aimed at Jews,Jewish synagogues, homes and shops in almost every town and city in Germany;

b. That night, Kristallnacht - "The Night of Broken Glass,"witnessed some of the most brutal acts of intentional savagery ever committed bya sovereign government against a religious minority;

c. This barbaric and unprecedented event was coordinated and stimulated by theGestapo, the dreaded secret police of Adolph Hitler and his tyrannical Nazigovernment which ruled Germany, for the express purpose of burning Jewishsynagogues, destroying Jewish property and arresting as many Jews as possible;

d. The gruesome pogrom resulted in the burning of 119 synagogues, of which76 were completely destroyed; the destruction or looting of 7,500 Jewish shopsand homes; and the death of at least 36 Jews and the serious injury of at least36 more;

e. On that same night of horror, 20,000 Jews were systematically roundedup "for their own protection" and sent to the heinous concentrationcamps of Dachau, Oranienburg-Sachenhausen and Buchenwald where their heads wereshaven and they were forced to wear coarse prison suits stamped with the yellowStar of David and where death was a frequent and brutal visitor;

f. To compound the senseless tribulations suffered by Jews onKristallnacht, the Nazis forced them to pay 25 million marks for the destructionof their own property and levied an additional fine of one billion marks,supposedly for their "crimes" against the state;

g. Kristallnacht for the first time confirmed to the world the truly evilnature of the Nazis and the totalitarian German government of Hitler, and itserved as a horrible and ominous omen of how that government was in later yearsto coldly murder six million Jews and others in a mindless attempt at thegenocide of an entire religious minority; and

h. It is imperative for the current generation of Americans and residentsof New Jersey to remember the brutality of Kristallnacht and its importance as aportent of the Holocaust which later destroyed six million Jews and millions ofothers.

2. (New section) The night of November 9-10 in each year is designated asKristallnacht Memorial Night in New Jersey in honor of the innocent victims ofthat Nazi outrage. On the night of every November 9-10, the State Capitol JointManagement Commission, established pursuant to P.L. 1992, c.67 (C.52:31-34 etseq.), shall ensure that each room and office in each State building within theCapitol Complex remains lit for the entire night as a remembrance of theterrible events of Kristallnacht and the Holocaust, and as a symbol of hope thathumanity will finally unite to put an end to genocide. The State Capitol JointManagement Commission shall consult with the New Jersey Commission on HolocaustEducation, established pursuant to P.L.1991, c.193 (C.18A:4A-1 et seq.), onincreasing public awareness of Kristallnacht Memorial Night in New Jersey.

3. Section 3 of P.L.1991, c.193 (C.18A:4A-3) is amended to read as follows:

3. The commission shall have the following responsibilities and duties:

a. To provide, based upon the collective knowledge and experienceofits members, assistance and advice to the public and private schools withrespect to the implementation of Holocaust education and awareness programs;

b. To meet with county and local school officials and other interestedpublic and private organizations, including service organizations, for thepurpose of assisting with the planning, coordination or modification of coursesof study dealing with the subject of the Holocaust;

c. To survey and catalog the extent and breadth of Holocaust and genocideeducation presently being incorporated into the curricula and taught in theschool systems of the State, to inventory those Holocaust memorials, exhibitsand resources which could be incorporated in courses of study at variouslocations throughout the State, and, upon request, to assist the StateDepartment of Education and other educational agencies in the development andimplementation of Holocaust and genocide education programs. In furtherance of this responsibility, the commission shall be authorized tocontact and cooperate with existing Holocaust and genocide public or privatenonprofit resource organizations and may act as a liaison concerning Holocaustand genocide education to members of the United States Senate and House ofRepresentatives and the New Jersey Senate and General Assembly;

d. To compile a roster of individual volunteers who are willing to sharetheir knowledge and experience in classrooms, seminars and workshops on thesubject of the Holocaust. These volunteers may be survivors of the Holocaust,liberators of concentration camps, scholars, clergymen, community relationsprofessionals and other persons who, by virtue of their experience or interest,have acquired personal or academic knowledge of the Holocaust and who arewilling to share that knowledge with students and teachers;

e. To coordinate events memorializing the Holocaust and to seek volunteerswho are willing and able to participate in commemorative events that willenhance student awareness of the significance of the Holocaust; [and]

f. To prepare reports for the Governor and the Legislature regarding itsfindings and recommendations to facilitate the inclusion of Holocaust studiesand special programs memorializing the Holocaust in educational systems in theState; and

g. To advise and assist the State Capitol Joint Management Commission,established pursuant to P.L.1992, c.67 (C.52:31-34 etseq.), for the purpose ofincreasing public awareness of the annual observance of Kristallnacht MemorialNight in New Jersey. (cf: P.L. 1991, c.193, s.3)

4. This act shall take effect immediately.

Statement

This bill designates the night of November 9-10 in each year asKristallnacht Memorial Night in New Jersey in honor of the innocent victims ofthat Nazi outrage. On the night of every November 9-10, the State Capitol JointManagement Commission shall ensure that each room and office in each Statebuilding within the Capitol Complex remain lit for the entire night as aremembrance of the terrible events of Kristallnacht and the Holocaust, and as asymbolof hope that humanity will finally unite to put an end to genocide. TheState Capitol Joint Management Commission shall consult with the New JerseyCommission on Holocaust Education on increasing public awareness ofKristallnacht Memorial Night in New Jersey and the New Jersey Commission onHolocaust Education shall advise and assist the State Capitol Joint ManagementCommission for the purpose of increasing public awareness of the annualobservance of Kristallnacht Memorial Night in New Jersey.


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